For every future mother having cramps during pregnancy can be a source of stress and worries. Pregnancy cramps can occur if there is a problem with the baby or can just indicate that the uterus is stretching and growing which is perfectly normal during pregnancy.
As pregnancy cramps are not always normal, here are some of the conditions they might indicate:
During the first trimester of pregnancy, cramps might occur after the implantation. 8 to 10 days after ovulation implantation is produced. Many women find out a few days after those cramps that they are actually pregnant and nothing is wrong with them.
Pregnancy cramps can also occur if the ligaments that are supporting the uterus will stretch for a better adjustment of the uterus that starts to grow. There is nothing to worry about as this is only preparing your body for the baby to come.
Having pregnancy cramps can sometimes indicate a problem with the baby. If cramps and vaginal bleeding are present then you should suspect a miscarriage and go straight to the hospital.
Placental abruption also manifests with abdominal cramps. This means that the placenta has separated from the uterus and will not feed the baby any more. Bleeding is possible, along with back pain and contractions. Call 911 for immediate help.
Another serious problem indicated by the cramps can be an ectopic pregnancy. This means that they fertilized egg has implanted outside the uterus, mostly in one of the tubes. In this case the pregnancy cramps are accompanied by abdominal pains, mostly on one side, and vaginal bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is a serious condition that can endanger the motherís life and going to the hospital is a priority.
As pregnant women have often problems with constipation, they should know that uncomfortable cramps might also be produced by gas accumulation and constipation.
In the second trimester of pregnancy, cramps might indicate problems like a preterm labor. In this case, cramps are also associated with diarrhea and back pain. Immediate medical help should be seeked.
Again, as the baby is growing and the uterus is expanding, the round ligament responsible for sustaining the uterus will stretch and so cramps might occur once again.
Another type of pregnancy cramps are the Braxton Hicks contractions. They often occur during the second and third trimester of pregnancy and are recognized easily as they are intermittent contractions and not real contractions that occur when the baby is coming. These false labor contractions will probably stop when walking and they donít get more frequent over time.
When early labor is happening, abdominal cramps will install along with back pains and other specific signs that suggest the baby is preparing to come, like cramps that come regularly every 5-10 minutes, pelvic pressure (like the baby is pushing) and leaking fluid.
When having pregnancy cramps future mothers should sit down, relax and put their feet up on something. Bending towards the pain should also make cramps disappear. Pregnant women are advised to avoid sudden moves like turning sharply at the waist.
Other causes of cramps during pregnancy could be appendicitis, food poisoning, a stomach virus, urinary infections, kidney stones, and pancreatitis or gallbladder disease.
Medical control is always the first thing you should think of when feeling cramps during pregnancy. The doctor will clear all your worries and will know what to do if there is a problem with the pregnancy.