Stages of Pregnancy

Signs of Pregnancy


Stages of pregnancy

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Pregnancy is a time to cherish and enjoy motherhood. Anxiety and baseless fear can spoil the joy of pregnancy and its side effects can even lead to complications. It is essential to have some knowledge of pregnancy, so that pregnant women can effectively take care of herself and her child. A pregnant woman should know the symptoms of pregnancy and what to expect from each stage of pregnancy.

Stages of Pregnancy

Stages of pregnancy week by week may be categarized. Generally, the stages of pregnancy are divided into three trimesters and each is of three months.

  • The first trimester of pregnancy takes first 12 weeks.
  • The second trimester of pregnancy is from 13 to 25 weeks.
  • The last or third trimester of pregnancy is from 26 to 40 weeks (or till the birth of the baby).

Also checkout our pictures of pregnancy stages.

First trimester of pregnancy

The first trimester of pregnancy can be very crucial for a first time mother. This is the time where lots of hormonal changes take place in the body as it has to prepare for the coming baby. It is very important for a pregnant woman to know the signs and symptoms of pregnancy which are bound to happen. This will help in avoiding unwanted stress.

The common symptoms of first trimester of pregnancy are

  • The first or early sign of pregnancy is a missed period
  • Light bleeding or spotting can also occur around first 10 to 12 days after conception
  • Frequent mood swing due to hormonal changes
  • Morning sickness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting tendency
  • Change in taste
  • Tiredness
  • Extreme fatigue and dizziness

A pregnant woman should avoid

  • Intake of caffeine
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Vigorous exercise. However, light pregnancy exercise under expert guidance is a good idea.

A woman gains lot of weight in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some amount of weight gain is advisable for the benefit of the baby. However, it is very important to avoid excessive weight gain.

Second trimester of pregnancy

The second trimester of pregnancy is the most enjoyable stage. Many symptoms such as morning sickness, nausea, vomiting tendency, tastelessness disappear. Women start showing their pregnancy. There is increase in fetal movement which gives tremendous happiness to any pregnant woman.

The common symptoms of second trimester of pregnancy are

  • Increased appetite
  • Increase in size of mammary gland
  • Darker areola
  • Increase in uterus size
  • Frequent urination
  • Mild backache
  • Abdominal cramp
  • Heartburns
  • Indigestion and constipation
  • Nose and gum bleeding due to increase in estrogen and progesterone hormones

A pregnant woman should avoid

  • Vigorous exercise regime
  • Foods low in nutrient value. This is the trimester where the baby grows rapidly and for proper development of the baby, a pregnant woman should have food rich in nutrients and a balanced diet.

Third trimester of pregnancy

In this trimester, as the due date approaches nervousness is on the rise. The woman starts worrying about labor pain, how the pregnancy will proceed from here etc. By this time, all the organs of the baby are developed. In this period the baby develops more in size and weight to become healthier and stronger. Many symptoms of the second trimester like constipation, heartburn, indigestion etc. can persist.

The common symptoms of the third trimester of pregnancy are

  • Large belly size
  • Strong sensation of fetal movement but less frequent
  • Severe abdominal cramp
  • Leg cramp
  • Increased pelvic pressure
  • Severe back pain
  • Leaking of colostrums
  • Sore hips

A pregnant woman should avoid

  • Lifting any heavy objects
  • Stress

Take as much rest as possible and avoid anything that is not safe for you and your baby. The cervix will start softening and dilating as the due date approaches. In this trimester, be in contact with your doctor or health care provider for a safe delivery.

The other important change that can be occurred during different trimester of pregnancy is appearance of Pregnancy Stretch Marks also know about its causes and prevention.



See some more pregnancy articles.


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