When you discover you are expecting a baby, you need to visit a doctor so that he/she can schedule your week wise pregnancy checkup. You can make an appointment by calling a gynecologist or an obstetrician. The former one is expert in diagnosing and curing medical disorders affecting womenís reproductive organs, and the latter one check the health of pregnant women and helps them while giving birth to a child.
Week wise pregnancy checkup involves lots of clinical as well as other tests. Actually, the period of testing is counted either by weeks or by months. In any case, a pregnant woman has to go for her checkup once a month till the first seventh months of her pregnancy. Thereafter, each month the visit increases as per doctorís suggestion and findings of testing results.
Week 4 will be your first appointment for a checkup. Your healthcare provider will do lots of testing since this is the beginning of a wonderful journey known 'pregnancy.' Blood sample of both would-to-be parents are taken for testing genetic problems and other diseases that have the tendency to change hands from one generation to another. Through this test, doctors will come to know if there is any hemoglobin disorders and cystic fibrosis carrier.
Since you are giving a new life to the fetus, it is important to check your health conditions. Doctors will need your blood sample to check your immunity to viruses that can cause problems in pregnancy. The healthcare provider will check your immunity to rubella (German measles). Further, testing would be done for HIV infection to prevent the baby from being affected. It is important to stop STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) infections, if any, since the virus can cause miscarriage. If the mother has been infected, the doctor will repeat this test at week 20.
Cells from the motherís cervix are taken to detect threats of cancer, inflammation and STD. Check on detecting Hepatitis B infection, immunity to chicken pox, and other diseases are done to eliminate the chances of complications during delivery. Check on vaginal secretion to detect bacterial vaginosis is done to detect infection, since the bacteria may force the uterus to spew the baby before time causing pre-mature delivery.
Urine sample is tested during the first visit. Your healthcare provider may repeat the test in between week 12 and 16 of pregnancy. Motherís urine sample is tested to track down urinary tract infection. Since the kidney throws the wastes from the body, infection to this important body organ can cause pre-term delivery. The babyís weight too will be lower than normal.
Other week wise check up would be the routine tests. Mostly, the check up during the mid period of pregnancy is to monitor your pregnancy. As usual, blood sample is tested to expose risk of anemia, and other antibodies. Week 28 would repeat most of the tests done previously. Additional tests may be done in case if you complain something unusual.
In between week 24 and 28 of pregnancy, doctors would conduct a glucose tolerance test to check if there is any risk of diabetes to the baby. At the end of week 28, a test on platelet count is done to check the thickness of your blood. If there is a low platelet count, then there is a risk of losing excess blood during delivery, which is not good for the mother.
In between week 10 and 13, a biochemical test is done to check if the baby has chances of Down syndrome. If affected, the mother will deliver a baby whose mental and physical development will be abnormal. Therefore, a Down syndrome test is compulsory to detect early birth defects that are caused by disturbances or flaws in cell division.
Check up during week 15 and 20 will include testing blood sample of the mother for assessing the risk of chromosomal abnormalities. Test at this period is also necessary to identity the risk of open neural tube defects. Amniotic fluid is extracted from the fluid sac that surrounds the fetus to find any possible birth defects.
Between week 18 and 22, Cordocentesis test is performed by extracting a blood sample from the fetus. This test determines any abnormalities the baby is susceptible to.
As you are near to complete the pregnancy period, more tests will be performed during week 32 and 26. The checkup routine will include testing the development of the fetus, babyís position, pulse rate and hear beating of the baby, any complications that could cause trouble during delivery, etc.
Since the body structure, lifestyle, and diet of all pregnant women are not same, the week wise pregnancy checkup will differ as such. Your consultant will provide you with the schedule after confirming the various testsí reports during your first appointment.
Month Wise Pregnancy Checkup